Los componentes femorales de zirconio oxidado reduce el uso de polietileno en un simulador de uso de la rodilla.
Ezzet, Kace A MD *+; Hermida, Juan C MD +; Colwell, Clifford W Jr MD *+; D’Lima, Darryl D MD +
Polyethylene wear remains a major problem that can jeopardize the long-term durability of prostheses used in total knee arthroplasty. Oxidized zirconium is a material that combines the strength of a metal with the wear properties of a ceramic. This study evaluated the wear rates of polyethylene inserts against oxidized zirconium femoral components. Three oxidized zirconium femoral components and three Co-Cr femoral components of identical geometry used in total knee arthroplasty were articulated against standard tibial components with modular tibial inserts made of noncross-linked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene. Gravimetric and volumetric polyethylene wear rates were calculated after 5 million gait cycles on an AMTI knee wear simulator. Oxidized zirconium reduced polyethylene wear by 42% compared with Co-Cr alloy. This study shows that oxidized zirconium can reduce polyethylene wear substantially when used for fixed-bearing total knee arthroplasty.
Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 1(428):120-124, November 2004.