«Pamidronato en niños con osteogénesis imperfecta: Efectos de la histomorfometría de terapia a largo plazo.»
Frank Rauch, Rose Travers and Francis H. Glorieux Genetics Unit, Shriners Hospital for Children and McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3G 1A6
Context: Intravenous pamidronate treatment is beneficial to children and adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), but the effects of prolonged therapy are not well characterized.
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of long-term pamidronate treatment on the bone tissue of children and adolescents with OI.
Design: This is an observational study on OI patients receiving iv pamidronate for more than 4 yr.
Setting: The study was carried out in a pediatric metabolic bone research unit.
Patients: Patients were 25 moderately to severely affected OI patients (seven girls) aged 1.415.3 yr at baseline.
Intervention: Intervention was cyclical iv pamidronate at a dose of 9 mg/kg·yr.
Main Outcome Measures: Iliac bone biopsy and lumbar spine bone mineral density measures were obtained at treatment start, after 2.7 ± 0.5 yr (mean ± SD), and after 5.5 ± 0.7 yr of therapy.
Results: Average areal bone mineral density increased by 72% in the first half of the observation period, but by only 24% in the second half. Mean cortical width and cancellous bone volume increased by 87 and 38%, respectively, between baseline and the first time point during treatment (P < 0.001 for all changes). Thereafter, cortical width did not change significantly, but there was a trend (P = 0.06) toward higher cancellous bone volume. Average bone formation rate on trabecular surfaces decreased by 70% after pamidronate treatment was initiated and showed a trend (P = 0.08) toward a further decline in the second part of the study interval.
Conclusion: The gains that can be achieved with pamidronate treatment appear to be largely realized in the first 24 yr.
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Vol. 91, No. 2 511-516.