Argenson, Jean-Noel A MD *; Komistek, Richard D PHD +++; Mahfouz, Mohamed PHD +++; Walker, Scott A MS +; Aubaniac, Jean-Manuel MD *; Dennis, Douglas A MD +++
Deep flexion affects both femorotibial contact pattern and the patellofemoral articulation. The purpose of this study was to compare the patellofemoral motion of nonimplanted and implanted knees and to analyze femorotibial kinematics after total knee replacement designed for deep flexion. Three-dimensional patellofemoral kinematics were evaluated during a deep knee bend using fluoroscopy for five control patients with a healthy knee, five patients with an anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient knee, and 20 patients who had a high flexion total knee arthroplasty. Less translation of patellofemoral contact position was seen in patients who had knee replacements than in patients with healthy knees, but the average motion and the patella tilt angles were similar to the healthy knees. On average, patients who had a total knee arthroplasty had 4.9[degrees] normal axial rotation, and all patients had at least -4.4 mm of posterior femoral rollback. The average weightbearing range of motion of the patients in the total knee arthroplasty group was 125[degrees]. In this study, patients implanted with a high-flexion knee replacement design had kinematic patterns that were similar to the healthy knee. It can be hypothesized that forces acting on the patella were not substantially increased for patients who had a total knee arthroplasty compared with the control patients.
Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 1(428):174-179, November 2004.