La sobrecarga de natación y ciclismo en el entrenamiento del triatlón…(Ingl.)

«La sobrecarga de natación y ciclismo en el entrenamiento del triatlón no tiene efecto en la cinemáica y economía de la marcha.»

S. Palazzetti1, I. Margaritis1, C. Y. Guezennec2

1 Laboratoire de Physiologie des Adaptations, Performance Motrice et Santé. Faculté des Sciences du Sport, Université de Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, France 2 Département de Physiologie, IMASSA-CERMA, Bretigny-sur-Orge, France

Abstract

The aim of the study was to verify whether an overloaded training (OT) in triathlon deteriorates running kinematics (RK) and running economy (RE). Thirteen well-trained male long-distance triathletes (age: 28.1 ± 4.3 yrs; V·O2max: 65.0 ± 3.1 ml O2 · min-1 · kg-1) were divided into two groups: completed an individualized OT program (OG; n = 7) or maintained a normal level of training (NT) (CG; n = 6) for a duration of 3 weeks. Every week, each triathlete completed a standardized questionnaire to quantify the influence of training loads on mood state. To reach OT, total training load (h · 3 wk-1) was increased by 24 %; swimming and cycling total volumes were increased by 46 and 57 %, respectively, but the distance run was not modified in order to limit the risk of injuries. RK and RE were determined on treadmill test at 12 km · h-1 before and after the 3 weeks. The 3-week swimming and cycling OT in triathlon was sufficiently stressful to alter mood state but not to deteriorate the running kinematics and economy parameters in our previously well-trained male long-distance triathletes.

Int J Sports Med 2005; 26: 193-199.

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