Inducción de lesiones en la columna vertebral por choques a alta velocidad.(In.)

Sahin Aslan MDa, , , , Ozgur Karcioglu MDb, Yavuz Katirci MDa, Hayati Kandiş MDa, Naci Ezirmik MDc and Ozlem Bilir MDa

aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Atatürk University, School of Medicine, 25090 Erzurum, Turkey bDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, School of Medicine, 35340 Inciralti, Izmir, Turkey cDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Atatürk University, School of Medicine, 25090 Erzurum, Turkey

Abstract

Introduction

Compression fracture of the vertebral body is common, especially in older adults. Injuries to the spinal column are one of the most frequent injuries by accidents and falls from heights. Vertebral fracture associated with minor trauma, however, is a rare occasion.

Case Report

Five cases were injured in the inner city buses after passing onto speed bumps are presented. On presentation, four patients complained of severe pain in the thoracolumbar region, while in the other patient, physical examination revealed pain and tenderness on the neck. No neurologic deficit was noted except for one patient with tenderness on thoracic spines. Examination of the thoracolumbar X-ray and computed tomography displayed compression fractures in four patients. Other laboratory data obtained on admission were within normal limits. Posterior instrumentation was applied to three patients. All patients recovered well except for the one with cervical fracture.

Conclusion

Drivers should be strongly warned and educated on the potential hazards of traversing past such bumps in roads too fast and such barriers should be built regarding tested standards.

The American Journal of Emergency Medicine Volume 23, Issue 4 , July 2005, Pages 563-564.

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