J Arthroplasty. 2008 Jul 16. [Epub ahead of print] Amstutz HC, Le Duff MJ.
Joint Replacement Institute at St Vincent Medical Center, Los Angeles, California. Hip resurfacing is currently the fastest growing hip procedure worldwide. We reviewed 1000 hips in 838 patients who received a Conserve Plus (Wright Medical Technology, Inc., Arlington, Tenn) resurfacing at a single institution. The mean age of the patients was 50.0 years with 74.7% male. The hips were resurfaced irrespective of femoral defect size or etiology. The mean follow-up was 5.6 years (range, 1.1-11.0 years). All clinical scores improved significantly (P < .05). There was no acetabular component loosening. Ten were converted to total hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture, 20 for femoral loosening, 2 for sepsis, and 1 for recurrent subluxations. The 5-year survivorship was 95.2% with no failures in hips implanted since 2002. Short-term failures can be prevented. First-generation surgical technique and a low body mass index were the most important risk factors for the procedure. Improvements in bone preparation significantly increased prosthetic survival in hips with risk factors for failure.