Ejercicio en parte inferior del cuerpo después de cirugía de rodilla. (Inglés)

«Ejercicio de presión positiva en la parte inferior del cuerpo después de la cirugía de rodilla.»

Clinical Eastlack, Robert K MD; Hargens, Alan R PHD; Groppo, Eli R BS; Steinbach, Gregory C PHD; White, Klane K MD; Pedowitz, Robert A MD, PHD

Abstract:

Lower body positive pressure allows unloading of the lower extremities during exercise in a pressurized treadmill chamber. This study assessed the preliminary feasibility of lower body positive pressure exercise as a rehabilitation technique by examining its effects on gait mechanics and pain, postoperatively. Fifteen patients who had arthroscopic meniscectomy or anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction participated in this study. Patients exercised for 5 minutes at 2.0 mph under three body weight conditions (normal body weight, 60% body weight, and 20% body weight) in random order. Bilateral ground reaction force, electromyographs, and dynamic knee range of motion were collected, and pain was assessed using a visual analog scale. Ground reaction forces for surgically treated and contralateral extremities were reduced 42% and 79% from normal body weight conditions when ambulating at 60% and 20% body weight, respectively. After meniscectomy, ambulatory knee range of motion decreased only at 20% body weight (37[degrees]), compared with normal body weight conditions (49[degrees]). Peak electromyographic activity of the biceps was maintained at all body weight conditions, whereas that of the vastus medialis was reduced at 20% body weight. Pain relief was significant with lower body positive pressure ambulation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. This study showed that lower body positive pressure exercise is effective at reducing ground reaction forces, while safely facilitating gait postoperatively.

Orthopaedics & Related Research. (431):213-219, February 2005.

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