Ortopedia pediátrica

Ventajas de la placa puente submuscular para fracturas de fémur pediátricas.

"Ventajas de la placa puente submuscular para fracturas de fémur pediátricas complejas."

Kanlic, Enes M MD, PhD *; Anglen, Jeffrey O MD +; Smith, Douglas G MD ++; Morgan, Steven J MD [S]; Pesantez, Rodrigo F MD [//]


Conventional treatments of pediatric femoral shaft fractures may result in an unacceptable rate of complications, especially in complex fractures. These fractures include high-energy injuries resulting in unstable fracture patterns, fractures in the proximal or distal third, and fractures occurring in large or multiply injured children. Our goal was to evaluate whether a minimally invasive submuscular bridge plating technique provides stability for early functional treatment (without protective casting or bracing) and predictable healing. Fifty-one patients with an average age of 10 years were studied. Sixty-seven percent had high-energy injuries and 55% had unstable fracture patterns. With an average followup of 14.2 months, all fractures united with excellent clinical results. Two (4%) significant complications occurred: fracture of one 3.5-mm LC-DCP Ti plate, and refracture of a pathologic fracture after early plate removal. Four patients (8%) had a leg-length discrepancy ranging from 23-mm short to 10-mm long. The average operative time was 106 minutes, with average fluoroscopy time of 84 seconds. Procedures were done by 15 surgeons in five university medical centers. This technique offers the advantage of adequate stability for early functional treatment and predictable healing with maintenance of length and alignment for all pediatric femoral shaft fractures.

Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 1(426):244-251, September 2004.

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