Columna vertebral

Procedimientos mínimamente invasivos en el tratamiento del dolor lumbar. (Ing.)

¿Tienen los procedimentos mínimamente invasivos un lugar en el tratamiento del dolor lumbar crónico?

A Cahana, P Mavrocordatos, JWM Geurts & GJ Groen

Chronic low back pain is the leading cause of disability in the industrialized world. Medical and surgical treatments remain costly despite limited efficacy. The field of ‘interventional pain’ has grown enormously and evidence-based practice guidelines are systematically developed. In this article, the vast, complex and contradictory literature regarding the treatment of chronic low back pain is reviewed. Interventional pain literature suggests that there is moderate evidence (small randomized, nonrandomized, single group or matched-case controlled studies) for medial branch neurotomy and limited evidence (nonexperimental one or more center studies) for intradiscal treatments in mechanical low back pain. There is moderate evidence for the use of transforaminal epidural steroid injections, lumbar percutaneous adhesiolysis and spinal endoscopy for painful lumbar radiculopathy, and spinal cord stimulation and intrathecal pumps mostly after spinal surgery. In reality, there is no gold standard for the treatment of chronic low back pain, but these results appear promising.

Chronic low back pain, cord stimulation, discography, epidural injections, facet joint pain, neural blockade, percutaneous epidural adhesiolysis, radiofrequency, spinal endoscopy, spinal intrathecal pumps.

Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 4(3),479–490 (2004)

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