Tobillo y pie

Outcomes of the “Calcaneo-stop” procedure for treating symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 2394 feet

María Galán-Olleros,
Laura del Baño Barragán,
María Jesús Figueroa,
Carlos H. Prato de Lima,
Manuel Fraga-Collarte,
Beltran Torres-Izquierdo,
Pooya Hosseinzadeh,
Ignacio Martínez-Caballero



This study evaluates the efficacy of the calcaneo-stop (C-Stop) procedure’s effectiveness in treating symptomatic flexible flatfoot (FFF) in children.

A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases to identify studies until 2023 on the outcomes of the C-Stop procedure in children with FFF. The risk of bias was assessed using MINORS criteria.

Of 85 studies screened, 20 involving 2394 feet from 1415 patients (mean age 11.2 ± 1.3 years) were included. Post-procedure, significant improvements were noted in pain reduction (93.5%), heel alignment (95.21%), and radiological measures, including reductions in Kite (7.32º), Meary (11.65º), Costa-Bartani angles (17.11º), talar declination (12.63º) and increase in Calcaneal Pitch Angle (5.92º). AOFAS scores increased by 22.32 points on average, with 94.83% reporting high satisfaction. Complication rate was low (7.8%).

The C-Stop procedure is effective for treating FFF in children, offering significant clinical, radiological, and functional improvements with high patient satisfaction and a low complication rate.

Level of evidence
Level IV, Systematic review of Level-IV studies

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