Modelo de referencia de un dispensario ortopédico pediátrico: Implicaciones para la enseñanza y la práctica.
Reeder BM, Lyne ED, Patel DR, Cucos DR.
Department of Pediatrics, Michigan State University-Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008, USA.
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal medicine is becoming an increasingly essential part of primary care medicine. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Surgical Advisory Panel recently published voluntary guidelines to establish diagnoses that should be referred to a pediatric specialist rather than a general specialist (pediatric orthopedic surgery vs general orthopedic surgery). Given the crisis in pediatric orthopedic surgery manpower and resources, we believe that these guidelines are useful in defining appropriate referrals. The purpose of this study was to compare diagnoses that primary care pediatric providers believe commonly need referral to the AAP Guidelines for Referral to Pediatric Specialists recommendations for referral to pediatric orthopedic specialists.
METHODS: A chart review of successive new referrals (n = 286) to the pediatric orthopedic clinic during a 12-month period was conducted. The following information was collected: 1) diagnosis from referring provider, 2) diagnosis and treatment plan by the pediatric orthopedic surgeon, 3) type of referring provider (eg, pediatrician, family practitioner, resident physician, physician assistant), and 4) patient age. The referring diagnosis, final orthopedic diagnosis, and treatment plan for each patient was compared against the AAP Guidelines for Referral to Pediatric Specialists. The terms «appropriate» and «inappropriate» were used to differentiate those diagnoses that matched versus those that did not match the AAP Guidelines, respectively.
RESULTS: This analysis shows that a significant percentage (64.7%) of definitive diagnoses of referred cases were not consistent with the new AAP recommended guidelines for referral to pediatric orthopedic surgeons. In addition, a 23.8% (68 of 286) false-positive rate of referring diagnoses is noted. Cases that required no treatment or follow-up to monitor demonstrated a 32.8% (60 of 183) [(40 no treatment + 20 monitor inappropriate)/(116 no treatment + 67 monitor total)] false-positive rate.
CONCLUSIONS: Inappropriate referrals create a large use of pediatric orthopedic resources, which delays care of other, more appropriate patients. A large proportion of referrals indicated either a lack of basic textbook knowledge or lack of examination skills and appropriate diagnostic tools as demonstrated by a high number of definitive diagnosis indicating normal variants.
Pediatrics. 2004 Mar;113(3 Pt 1):e163-7.