Orthopade. 2008 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print] Hoberg M, Le Duff MJ, Amstutz HC. [Article in German] Worldwide the employment of surface replacements using metal-on-metal components as an option, particularly for the young and active patient, has gained broad acceptance. Part of the attraction for hip resurfacing is its conservative nature as a prosthetic solution for hip arthritis. It is anatomical, replicating the normal hip and limb length, preserving proximal femoral bone, and is a truly minimally bone invasive approach with excellent outcome of joint function. The purpose of this article is to show the data of 1,000 Conserve(c) Plus hybrid metal-on-metal prostheses in a consecutive study of 1,140 patients with a follow-up of 5.6 years. The current Kaplan and Meier survival estimates of the prosthesis, using any conversion to total hip replacement as the end point, were 98.1% at 3 years [95% confidence interval (CI): 96.8-98.9%], 96.7% at 4 years (95% CI: 94.8-97.8%), and 95.2% at 5 years (95% CI: 93.0-96.8%). The mean postoperative Harris hip score was 93.3. The current state of metal-on-metal surface replacement is positive. The new generation of hip resurfacing has a lot of improvements. The purpose of this review of the procedure is to point out the definite improvements from earlier designs using polyethylene as well as to highlight the overall results and durability achieved by one surgeon’s extensive experience and to assess the results from other series and centers. We also want to point out the areas where further investigation is needed.