«Influencias de la fibra muscular tipo I durante la oxidación lipídica durante el ejercicio de baja intensidad en hombres de mediana edad moderadamente activos.»
.-P. Turpeinen1, J. Leppävuori2, O. J. Heinonen3, K. Kaila4, J. Salo5, M. Lilja1, Y.A. Kesäniemi1 The simultaneous effects of body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, and muscle fiber characteristics on lipid oxidation at basal state and during exercise were studied in a population-based group (n=70) of middle-aged men. Body composition, oxygen uptake, and lipid oxidation were determined in a volitional maximal exercise test, physical activity with a questionnaire, muscle fiber characteristics with muscle biopsy, and resting metabolic rate and lipid oxidation at basal state with indirect calorimetry.
In regression analysis, type I muscle fibers contributed significantly to lipid oxidation at basal state (r=0.30, r2=0.07, P<0.05) and during low-intensity exercise (r=0.35, r2=0.10, P<0.05). ANOVA revealed 7.7% (P=0.268) lower lipid oxidation at basal state, 14% (P<0.05) lower lipid oxidation in low-intensity exercise, and 10.5% (P=0.088) lower lipid oxidation in moderate-intensity exercise in muscle fiber tertile I (type I muscle fiber count 28.8%) compared with muscle fiber tertile III (type I muscle fiber count 71.4%).
In conclusion, the muscle fiber distribution contributed significantly to lipid oxidation during low-intensity exercise in moderately active middle-aged men.
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports Volume 0 Issue 0 – December 2004.