Fracture-dislocations of the Proximal Interphalangeal Joint

John Elfar J Am Acad Orthop Surg February 2013 ; 21 Abstract

Fracture-dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint encompass a spectrum of injury severity, ranging from injuries that require little intervention to those that require advanced reconstructive surgery for optimal outcome. Three fracture-dislocation patterns are recognized: dorsal, volar, and pilon. Acceptable outcome is dependent on achieving and maintaining a well-aligned and well-reduced joint, re-establishing normal joint kinematics, and restoring motion. Anatomic articular surface reduction is desirable but not absolutely necessary for a good outcome. Treatment depends on both the type of injury and patient-dependent factors. Optimal outcome for a specific injury is predicated on expedient diagnosis and recognition of injury severity, which enables initiation of appropriate management.

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