Fractura tibia distal tratada con reducicón cerrada y placa mínimamente invasiva

«Fractura de la tibia distal tratada con reducicón cerrada y placa mínimamente invasiva.»

Krackhardt T, Dilger J, Flesch I, Hontzsch D, Eingartner C, Weise K.

Krankenhaus Uberlingen GmbH, Harlenweg 1, 88662, Uberlingen, Germany, t.krackhardt@kh-ueberlingen.de.

INTRODUCTION: The treatment of fractures of the distal tibia can be problematical because of the thin soft-tissue covering. Bridging slide-insertion plate osteosynthesis is performed by indirect, axially correct reduction of the fracture and stabilization without opening the soft tissue at the fracture site. Stripping of the periosteum is thus avoided, the fragments remain integrated into the soft tissue, and healing occurs spontaneously by way of callus formation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one patients treated by slide-insertion plate osteosynthesis were followed up over at least 2 years. As would be expected in this anatomical region, the proportion of C fractures and fractures with concomitant soft-tissue damage was high. The majority of patients were treated by application of an external fixator on the day of the accident; the definitive osteosynthesis with the slide-insertion plate was performed at a later date after healing of the soft tissues.

RESULTS: In 68 patients, fracture healing was achieved within 2 years. In 80% of the cases, the final X-ray follow-up showed no or tolerable axis deviations (<5 degrees ) in the varus/valgus plane or in the recurvation/antecurvation plane. A deviation >10 degrees requiring a correcting osteotomy was found in only 1 patient. Postoperative complications were rare occurrences. Five patients required an additional cancellous bone graft to deal with inadequate bone healing. System-related complications (instability, malalignment) due to intraoperative technical errors only had to be corrected in revision operations in 2 patients.

CONCLUSION: Closed reduction and minimally invasive plating offers the combined advantages of minimal soft-tissue damage with stable fracture fixation.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2005 Feb 10.

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