Chen, Yen-Jen MD *; Tan, Tai-Sheng MD +; Chen, Wen-Hsien MD ++; Chen, Clayton Chi-Chang MD ++; Lee, Tu-Sheng MD, PhD +
Study Design. The aim of this case report is to examine the devastating complication that may follow vertebroplasty.
Objectives. To report 1 case of intradural cement leakage caused by percutaneous vertebroplasty with polymethyl methacrylate.
Summary of Background Data. Cement leakage is not a rare complication of vertebroplasty. But intradural cement leakage is rare. We herein report a rare but devastating complication of vertebroplasty.
Methods. A 90-year-old woman with a T12 and L1 osteoporotic compression fracture underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty using polymethyl methacrylate at local hospital. A literature search was performed to assess complications of vertebroplasty.
Results. She was transferred to our hospital due to abdominal pain. Physical examination revealed distended abdomen with local tenderness and weakness of both legs (muscle power: Grade 2). Plain radiograph of abdomen showed ileus and intradural cement leakage. Conservative treatment with nasogastric decompression was done, and her abdominal pain subsided 1 week later.
Conclusions. Percutaneous vertebroplasty with polymethyl methacrylate is relatively safe, but it still should be proceeded under careful safeguard. The needle tip should not cross the medial border of the pedicle on the anteroposterior view before it has crossed the posterior cortex of the vertebral body on the lateral view. Good quality of image monitoring and clear visualization of cement should be helpful to prevent complications.
Spine. 31(12):E379-E382, May 20, 2006.