Evaluación de los factores de riesgo para las lesiones en el fútbol adolescente.

«Evaluación de los factores de riesgo para las lesiones en el fútbol adolescente.Implementación y validacíón de un sistema de vigilancia de la lesión.»

Carolyn A. Emery, PT, PhD*, Willem H. Meeuwisse, MD, PhD and Sara E. Hartmann, BSc

From the Sport Medicine Centre, Roger Jackson Centre for Health and Wellness Research, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Background: There are limited data on the epidemiology of adolescent soccer injury across all levels of play.

Hypothesis: Through implementation and validation of an injury surveillance system in adolescent soccer, risk factors for injury will be identified.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods: The study population was a random sample of 21 adolescent soccer teams (ages 12–18). A certified athletic therapist completed preseason baseline measurements and did weekly assessments of any identified soccer injury. The injury definition included any injury occurring in soccer that resulted in 1 or more of the following: medical attention, the inability to complete a session, or missing a subsequent session.

Results: Based on completeness of data in addition to validity of time loss, this method of surveillance has proven to be effective. The overall injury rate during the regular season was 5.59 injuries per 1000 player hours (95% confidence interval, 4.42–6.97). Soccer injury resulted in time loss from soccer for 86.9% of the injured players. Ankle and knee injuries were the most common injuries reported. Direct contact was reported to be involved in 46.2% of all injuries. There was an increased risk of injury associated with games versus practices (relative risk = 2.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.69–5.21). The risk of injury in the under 14 age group was greatest in the most elite division. Having had a previous injury in the past 1 year increased the risk of injury (relative risk = 1.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.0–3.1).

Conclusion: There were significant differences in injury rates found by division, previous injury, and session type (practice vs game). Future research should include the use of such a surveillance system to examine prevention strategies for injury in adolescent soccer.

The American Journal of Sports Medicine 33:1882-1891 (2005).

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