«Caracterización cuantitativa de tejidos por ultrasonido en los músculos de hombro y muslo – un enfoque nuevo.»
Pernille Kofoed Nielsen , Bente R Jensen , Tron Darvann , Kurt Jorgensen and Merete Bakke
Background The echogenicity pattern of ultrasound scans contain information of tissue composition in muscles. The aim was: (1) to develop a quantitative ultrasound image analysis to characterize tissue composition in terms of intensity and structure of the ultrasound images, and (2) to use the method for characterization of ultrasound images of the supraspinatus muscle, and the vastus lateralis muscle.
Methods Computerized texture analyses employing first-order and higher-order grey-scale statistics were developed to objectively characterize ultrasound images of m. supraspinatus and m. vastus lateralis from 9 healthy participants.
Results The mean grey-scale intensity was higher in the vastus lateralis muscle (p<0.05) than in the supraspinatus muscle (average value of middle measuring site 51.4 compared to 35.0). Furthermore, the number of spatially connected and homogeneous regions (blobs) was higher in the vastus lateralis (p<0.05) than in the supraspinatus (average for m. vastus lateralis: 0.092 mm-2 and for m. supraspinatus: 0.016 mm-2).
Conclusions The higher intensity and the higher number of blobs in the vastus lateralis muscle indicates that the thigh muscle contained more non-contractile components than the supraspinatus muscle, and that the muscle was coarser. The image analyses supplemented each other and gave a more complete description of the tissue composition in the muscle than the mean grey-scale value alone.
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006, 7:2 doi:10.1186/1471-2474-7-2.