Cambios del espacio de flexión-extensión durante la artroplastia total de rodilla: efecto del ligamento posterior cruzado y de la eliminación posterior de osteofitos.
Baldini A, Scuderi GR, Aglietti P, Chalnick D, Insall JN.
First Orthopedic Clinic, University of Florence, Italy.
Flexion and extension gap heights were measured in 50 consecutive primary posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) to determine whether posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) release or re-establishment of the posterior condylar recess increased gap width. After PCL release, a slight symmetrical increase was noted in both gaps. In extension, gap width increased on average 1.3 mm and 1 mm in the medial and lateral compartments, respectively. The same pattern was observed in flexion, averaging 1.3 mm medially and 1.3 mm laterally. Another increase in the two gaps was observed after the posterior condylar osteophytes were removed and the posterior recess was re-established. The gaps in extension increased, with respect to the base-line value, on average 1.8 mm medially and 1.8 mm laterally, whereas flexion increased an average 2 mm medially and 2.2 mm laterally. No statistical differences were noted between flexion and extension gaps. No independent differences between the flexion and extension gaps were found in any surgical phase. Posterior cruciate ligament removal and re-establishment of posterior condylar recess does not require additional consideration in gap balancing during posterior-stabilized TKA.
J Knee Surg. 2004 Apr;17(2):69-72.