Crowninshield, Roy D PHD *; Maloney, William J MD +; Wentz, Douglas H *; Humphrey, Steve M *; Blanchard, Cheryl R PHD *
The stability and durability of total hip reconstruction is dependent on many factors that include the design and anatomic orientation of prosthetic components. An analysis of femoral component head size and acetabular component orientation shows an interdependency of these variables and joint stability. Increased femoral component head size can increase hip stability by increasing the prosthetic impingement-free range of hip motion and by increasing the inferior head displacement required before hip dislocation. Increasing the femoral head size from 22 mm to 40 mm increases the required displacement for dislocation by about 5 mm with the acetabular component at 45[degrees] of abduction; however, increasing acetabular component abduction greatly diminishes this stability advantage of larger femoral heads. Vertical acetabular component orientation and femoral component head subluxation are each predicted to more than double the tensile stress with acetabular component polyethylene compared with components at 45[degrees] of abduction. With a desirable acetabular component orientation, the use of larger femoral heads may result in improved joint stability and durable use of polyethylene. With high abduction acetabular component orientation, the use of larger femoral heads contributes little to joint stability and contributes to elevated stress within the polyethylene that may result in implant failure.
Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. (429):102-107, December 2004.