Anterior Ankle Impingement: Diagnosis and Treatment

Paul G. Talusan J Am Acad Orthop Surg. May 2014 vol. 22 no. 5

Anterior ankle impingement is a common clinical condition characterized by chronic anterior ankle pain that is exacerbated on dorsiflexion. Additional symptoms include instability; limited ankle motion; and pain with squatting, sprinting, stair climbing, and hill climbing. Diagnosis is typically confirmed with plain radiographs. Nonsurgical management includes physical therapy, strengthening exercises, activity modification, bracing, and anti-inflammatory medication. Although arthroscopic treatment is sufficient in some patients, most require an open approach to address related pathology. We advocate aggressive range of motion as well as weight bearing postoperatively. Further study is needed to confirm current understanding of anterior ankle impingement and to better define treatment options and prevention strategies.

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